Compass American Guides: South Dakota, 2nd Edition

  • 320 pages
  • 1878867474
  • Anglais
  • (Anglais)
Compass American Guides: South Dakota, 2nd Edition

陵 New Compass American Guides: South Dakota, 2nd Edition to read 墨 PDF Author T.D Griffith ײַ South Dakota History Sodbusters and Pioneers Like a wave on a prairie ocean, immigrants to the American frontier kept pushing westward in search of unbroken ground and a lease on the future Most of those who came into South Dakota in the mid nineteenth century followed the route of trappers and traders, heading west out of St Louis and north through Nebraska via the Missouri River They settled first in the southeastern corner of the state, in Vermillion, Yankton, and Sioux Falls, fanning out and building their homesteads along waterways the Big Sioux, Vermillion, James, and Choteau rivers Their vision for a new life included farms and houses, and to their eyes the land they first encountered was empty In 1862, the U.S Congress passed the Homestead Act and sold 160 acres of unsettled land for about 18 dollars in parts of the Dakota Territory to men and women willing to meet a few government requirements Once a pioneer had paced off 160 acres as his claim, the government compelled him to complete several steps to prove up or hold onto his claim The first order of business was to construct a dwelling Due to a lack of building materials, early dwellings were most often tarpaper shacks, dugouts carved from swells in the land, or sod shanties Sodbusters cut long strips of three inch 7.6 cm deep sod with a spade and then sliced the strips into manageable lengths These were stacked like bricks into four walls, with openings for a window and a door If the settler was lucky, trees growing on banks of a nearby stream or creek would provide enough wood to construct a crudely framed roof strong enough to support sod The completed sod shanty was windproof, fireproof, and structurally sound, but it often failed to keep out rain Though few of these original structures can be found today, they once littered the landscape The large number that were built, only to be summarily abandoned, provided mute testimony to the struggles of trying to make a life on a vast, treeless prairie, broiling hot in the summer, freezing cold in the winter, and for the most part, arid The deep, impacted prairie grasses rendered planting the first crops extremely difficult No matter how sharp their blades, plows could rarely churn up earth so entangled with tough roots After chopping at the earth with an ax, many settlers simply dropped seeds into the crevices, then waited in their little soddies for the grain to grow If the first crop was spared by drought, hail, grasshoppers, and fire, a homesteader might have enough money by the end of the summer to buy seed to plant a few additional acres With luck, the cultivated acreage would increase each year, allowing the family to grow a vegetable garden, buy a milk cow, purchase lumber for a real house, and get shoes for the children The success of these pioneer families often relied as much on their own ability to endure in the face of solitude and misfortune as it did on the weather.Created by local writers and photographers, Compass American Guides are the ultimate insider s guides, providing in depth coverage of the history, culture and character of America s most spectacular destinations Covering everything there is to see and do as well as choice lodging and dining, these gorgeous full color guides are perfect for new and longtime residents as well as vacationers who want a deep understanding of the region they re visiting.Outstanding color photography, plus a wealth of archival imagesTopical essays and literary extractsDetailed color mapsGreat ideas for things to see and doCapsule reviews of hotels and restaurants compass american guides Books Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store Fodor s Travel Guidebooks Fodor Guides Browse over Guides to , Destinations Our worldwide travel correspondents bring you the best and most up date coverage of global bol Compass American Guides, Patricia Harris paperback 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