Written Out of History: The Forgotten Founders Who Fought Big Government

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Written Out of History: The Forgotten Founders Who Fought Big Government

᠔ Reading פֿ Written Out of History: The Forgotten Founders Who Fought Big Government quotes ᡇ Kindle By Mike Lee ᢨ Washington Adams Jefferson Madison.These are the names of the first four presidents of the United States of America, but they are also the names of the men who were among the most prominent voices of our founding era There are other founders, indeed, who, though they never attained our nations highest office, still live on in our historyBenjamin Franklin, John Hancock, and, most notably, Alexander Hamilton among them.However, other founders, as relevant but with names not as well known, are missing from our nations popular history Some indi viduals whose words and ideas contributed much to the founding of the nation have been relegated to the footnotes of history And even others have, as a practical matter, been expunged from history alto gether The familiar narrative many of us were taught as children about our foundingthat great men came together to forge a constitution that set America on its present courseisnt exactly true, either At least it isnt complete.Most Americans can name only a few of the nearly sixty men who were sent to the 1787 convention that produced our Constitu tion fewer still know about the sixteen attendees who, for various reasons, never signed the document, including the three who defiantly refused A number of those who attended the convention even actively campaigned against its final product Many men who hadgiven everything they had for independencepledging their lives, fortunes, and sacred honor to resist a distant, remote government that recognized no limitations on its sovereign powerbelieved the Constitution would lead to the new nations ruin And the delegates who did sign the Constitution, and fought vigorously for its adoption, had no intention of creating a sprawling, unaccountable federal bureau cracy like the one we have in Washington, DC, today Why dont we know about these delegates There were others who, while not delegates, still had a profound effect on the development of the American Republic There were women, Native Americans, and African Americans who played a significant role in the fight for independence and in the thinking that went into our Constitution Why are those names absent from popular history To find the answers to these questions, we must take a journey back to the early days of our Republic During the debates surrounding the Constitutions drafting and rat ification, the doubts, skepticism, and outright fear of what the Con stitution would bring ultimately made the document stronger and just That may sound strange to us in the twenty first century, but remember the founders, by declaring their independence from Great Britain and building their own system from scratch, had placed themselves in uncharted territory The meneach in his own right, sometimes working together and often notwere unusually gifted, but they were still making this up as they went along What became our governing document was the result of a brilliant compromise between the Anti Federalists and the Federalistsbetween those who championed a divided and limited but strong central govern ment, and those who feared that almost any central governmentwould expand its authority at the expense of individual liberty and state autonomy.We today are the beneficiaries of that Great Compromise, but too many of us dont fully understand it And that is because history, over time, has tended to remember only one sideof the argument, crowding out dissenting voices and obscuring the full story of the American experiment In the last century, in particular, historians and politi cians who consider themselves enlightened than the founders and believe in the power of bureaucrats to manage the affairs of an entire country from a distant capitalhave done special damage to the legacy of the founding generation, a legacy that warned against the dangers of a distant, centralized government.Most of us, for example, are never presented with the arguments raised by the Anti Federalists, who opposed the Constitutions rat ification based on concerns that it would vest too much power in the federal government and thereby imperil liberty And just as disturb ing, many of the Federalists have been mischaracterized as early advocates of big government Some have tried to portray the found ers as proto progressives, even though the founders lived a full cen tury before there was anything even resembling a progressive Those perpetuating this mischaracterization have done so by erasing the truth that nearly every founder shared a healthy skepticism of a large federal bureaucracyone that might eventually mimic some of the worst features of the very government they had just fought a revolution to escape.No one living in America in the late eighteenth centurycertainly none of the brilliant minds who forged our founding documents could have contemplated just how strong, or how large, that govern ment would become Nor could they have imagined how much control the city named for George Washington would come to have over ordinary citizens.Take Alexander Hamilton, for example, a brilliant man who spoke up during the debates over the Constitution as one of the most fervent advocates of a stronger national government In 2016 Hillary Clintons presidential campaign adopted Hamilton as something of a mascotquoting the eponymous hit show written by Lin Manuel Miranda in speeches and renting out the entirety of Broadways Richard Rodgers Theatre, where the musical was performed for a fundraiser A century earlier, Herbert Croly, one of the most influential progressive intellectuals of the period and cofounder of The New Republic,praised Hamilton for advocating a policy of active interference with the natural course of American economic and political business and its regulation and guidance in the national direction.Many on the left who are staunch advocates of big government have expressed a kinship with Alexander Hamiltonbut theirs is a perverted vision It is true that Hamilton fought vigorously for ratifi cation of the Constitution It is true that he believed that a federal government should have the power to accomplish a number of things that it could not do under the Articles of Confederation But what Hamiltons fans on the left neglect to mention, or in some cases dont even realize, is that Alexander Hamilton never envisionedand certainly never favoredthe sort of massive, intrusive, unaccountable federal government that today thrives in Washington, DC More to the point, once the Constitution was in place, he scoffed at and ridiculed the idea that the federal government could be anything other than the modest, divided, and tightly constrained government outlined in that document.In The Federalist Papers,a series of documents published throughout the colonies in support of the new Constitution, Hamilton responded to concerns articulated by many of our foundersincluding people you will meet in this bookthat the Constitution couldbecome a Trojan horse for oppressive government Hamilton thought such a notion ludicrous, even paranoid Allowing the utmost latitude to the love of power which any reasonable man can requirehe wrote in Federalistnumber 17 under the name PubliusI confess I am at a loss to discover what temptation the persons intrusted with the administration of the general government could ever feel to divest the States of the authorities of that description The government of the Union could never become too powerful to enable it to absorb those residuary authorities, which it might be judged proper to leave with the States for local purposes it is therefore improbable that there should exist a disposition in the federal councils to usurp the powers with which they are connected because the attempt to exercise those powers would be as troublesome as it would be nugatory insignificant and the possession of them, for that reason, would con tribute nothing to the dignity, to the importance, or to the splendor of the national government.Supposing that such a perversion of the Constitution was attempted, Hamilton wrote, the states and localities would always be powerful than a central government It will always be far easy for the State governments to encroach upon the national author ities than for the national government to encroach upon the State authorities, he said.3 In Federalistnumber 32, Hamilton explained that State governments would clearly retain all the rights of sover eignty which they before had prior to the Constitutions enactment, as long as those powers had not been exclusively delegated to the federal governmentmaking the Constitutions real goal, in Ham iltons view only a partial union or consolidation.This was also a view shared by his colleague, and fellow advocate for the Constitution, James Madison, who wrote in Federalistnumber 45 that the powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to thefederal government are few and defined Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite.In short, their view of what the federal governmentfirst in Philadelphia and then in Washington, DCwas meant to be, and what the Constitution clearly intended, is not at all what that government has become over the last eighty years They did not envi sion a Congress that would take and power from states and localities, regulating nearly every aspect of human existence education, agriculture, health care, commerce, transportation, among others They did not envision a Supreme Court that would find thin justifications in the Constitution to support such a massive federal expansion They did not envision a Congress so weak and willing to delegate its lawmaking power to unaccountable bureaucrats in the executive branch and judges in the judicial branch.Even Alexander Hamilton, the most forceful advocate for a strong and active national government, believed deeply in checks and balances that would strictly limit the governments power.None of this, by the way, is the fault of the Constitution, which was and remains a masterpiece, the greatest governing document ever devised by human beings This happened because weve lost any sense of what federal power the founders intended the Consti tution to allow, and what it intended to limit Weve lost to history some of the most prescient warnings offered by our founders especially those most fiercely resistant to the Constitution and skeptical of big governmentbecause weve never been allowed to hear them in the first place.Progressive, big government advocates like to politicize their history They twist history to suit their ends They ignore and ulti mately erase history when it stands in their way They always seek power, and part of that means changing the historical narrative to confer legitimacy Call it the Hamilton Effect But if we knewour historythe true and complete stories of how our nation came to bewed know how to fight back against the progressive agenda Wed be a lot less likely to accept their overreach.Thats why Ive written this book In my previous book, Our Lost Constitution The Willful Subversion of Americas Founding Document,I demonstrated how various provisions of the Constitution had been deliberately distorted far beyond the founders intentions in order to increase power in Washington, DC Indeed, in many, many cases that power has been diverted from the peoples repre sentatives in Congress to unelected bureaucrats in a multitude of agencies and departments in the executive branch To their credit, there were founders who warned us of this outcome Why then is it that those who did so most presciently, vocally, and aggressively have been erased from our collective history This presents some thing of a paradox the accurately a founder predicted the excessive accumulation of power under the Constitution, the less likely we are to celebrate or even to mention them in our history books.This book seeks to remedy this imbalanceby highlighting the stories not only of those who helped to make the Constitution possible, but also of those who warned about its misapplication and mis interpretation Their stories are important, especially today, because the battle in which these men and women were engaged than two centuries ago is still being waged Within these pages is a true, alternative history of our nations founding, populated with varied characters who foretold with great accuracy the dangers of a powerful federal governmentone that I see every day in Washingtons halls of power The process of rediscovering who these people were, what they did, what they fought for, and why they did so is one of the best ways of recovering the lost but valuable principles of limited government.It is time to reintroduce to the American people the founders whose stories have been lost.As we rediscover those stories and internalize the lessons they can teach usmaking them once again part of our national histor ical and political conversationwe will become better equipped to restore key constitutional protections Those protections are there for good reasons many of which are discussed in this book and, once restored, will bless the lives of all Americans.Throughout this book, you will meet a number of Americans who are not household names but who should be Some warned against the dangers of big government generally, while others fought to protect specific individual liberties Let us introduce them here Aaron Burr, an early victim of big government, whose trial of the century in the early 1800s against President Thomas Jefferson defined the limits of executive power and warned of its potential for abuse Luther Martin, who refused to sign the Constitution based on what he perceived as its failure to protect individual rights Mercy Otis Warren, one of Americas first female writers and a John Adams protge, who spent her life warning against the encroachment of federal power Canasatego, an Iroquois chief, who taught Benjamin Franklin the basic principles behind the separation of powers and confederate government Elbridge Gerry, who argued strongly for what would become the Bill of Rights Mum Bett, a slave in Massachusetts, who saw her country struggle for freedom and was inspired to seek her own in a landmark case in which she argued that certain natural rights supe seded unjust laws James Otis, whose fight against the British Crown led to the development of search and seizure laws, protecting private property from government intrusion and George Mason, the founder who fought and warned against government intrusion into commerce between individuals and states.How much do we know about any of these leaders Most of us tragically know too little Some of this knowledge deficit could certainly be attributed to benign neglect for one reason or another, some stories that should be remembered nonetheless fade from a societys historical understanding At least some of it, however, likely stems from the well understood fact that history is written by the winners And in todays America, those who are winning are champions of big government Consequently, if you dont fit a certain vision of historyif your story is inconvenient to the notion that we all bene fit from a strong central government in which every aspect of human existence can be regulated by bureaucratic experts in Washington then you run the risk of being written out of history.He is telling us a story about the people who saw a powerful federal government as the greatest threat to our liberty and freedom, and it is a belief you can clearly tell Lee shares.This is without a doubt your must read of the summer Red StateAn entertaining and enlightening account of our forgotten founders but, important, a vital reminder of why limited government and federalism must be restored to the center of the American experiment.ARTHUR C BROOKS, president of the American Enterprise InstituteSenator Mike Lee continues to demonstrate that the struggle for limited government and against historical amnesia are inseparable.GEORGE F WILLEvery liberty loving American should read this book SENATOR RAND PAULThese stories have been forgotten or buried by those who would like us to forget the founders strong suspicion of centralized, unrestrained government Any American who reads this book will find it difficult to put down, and will emerge from the experience not only inspired, but also better equipped to support, protect, and defend the Constitution.SENATOR TED CRUZPower hungry politicians and biased historians have deliberately neglected these captivating stories from Americas founding era, stories that once restored to our national consciousness could help usher in a new era of American exceptionalism SENATOR MARCO RUBIOWhile Id eagerly recommend it just for the highly entertaining stories, even important is the message these stories convey together the Constitutionwas designed to limit the federal government and secure power for the statesand, ultimately, the people STEPHEN F HAYES , editor in chief, The Weekly StandardThis book should be part of every patriots library.CARLY FIORINA Pre Written Ad Copy systemtocash Read This If You Want to Make Money Today Realistic Income With An Easy Program Follow Our Simple, Proven System To Your Success Ask A Yeti Advice Column By A Daddy Swap Dear Yeti, I recently found out that am three months pregnant The problem is my boyfriend and have only been dating for two Best TV Series wga Lists What are the best written scripts shows of all time MindSet Book by Carol DweckKILA THE NEW PSYCHOLOGY OF SUCCESS Mindset a simple idea discovered world renowned Stanford University psychologist Dweck in decades research on ETF Database Original Comprehensive Compare your broker s rates now find if you can save money Literotica Free Adult Community Erotic Story and Literotica free adult community one biggest sites web offering over sex stories, 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